This article presents a case series with preliminary data regarding the neurophysiological effects of specific prayer practices associated with the Islamic religion. Such practices, like other prayer practices, are likely associated with several coordinated cognitive activities and a complex pattern of brain physiology. However, there may also be changes specific to the goals of Islamic prayer which has, as its most fundamental concept, the surrendering of one’s self to God.
Primary care physicians are at the frontlines, often the first point of contact for many people with the medical system. They have to manage chronically ill patients with life-limiting diagnoses who also have ongoing psychosocial needs. This article discusses why cultural, spiritual, and religious interplay with medical decision making is important and provide some strategies for addressing these aspects of care.
Understanding Islamic beliefs will assist healthcare professionals in delivering appropriate health care in a culturally sensitive manner. This can be accomplished by understanding religious implications, perspectives on family, health, illness, diet, the influence of traditional medicine, and privacy concerns.
This preliminary study presents the first data on the neurophysiological effects, particularly those related todopamine and serotonin, in a group of participants undergoing an intensive seven-day spiritual retreat. The authors used DaTscan single photonemission computed tomography (SPECT) in 14 individuals before and closely following participation in a seven-day spiritual retreat.
Decisions regarding cancer treatment choices can be difficult. Several factors may influence the decision to undergo treatment. One poorly understood factor is the influence of a patient’s faith on how they make medical decisions. The authors compare the importance of faith on treatment decisions among doctors, patients, and patient caregivers.
A profound and moving spirituality provided emotional and psychological support for most terminally ill patients at Grady Memorial Hospital. The authors were able to trace the roots of these patients’ spirituality to core beliefs described by African-American theologians. Truly bedrock beliefs often reflected in conversations with the patients at Grady included the providence of God and the divine plan for each person’s life. Patients felt an intimate relationship to God, which they expressed through prayer. Importantly, almost all patients were willing to share their beliefs with the authors in long bedside interviews.
Religion’s influence on patient care is expressed in prayer requests, in clinician-chaplain collaborations, and through health care organizations’ religious accommodations for patients and staff. Whether and how religion and spirituality training are critical components of students’ and clinicians’ development of cultural humility is one important set of questions explored in the July 2018 issue.
The authors conducted semi-structured interviews with 46 surrogate decision makers for hospitalized older adults to characterize the role of spirituality and religion in decision making. Three themes emerged: (1) religion as a guide to decision making, (2) control, and (3) faith, death and dying. For religious surrogates, religion played a central role in end of life decisions.
The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between general measures of patient religiosity and spirituality and patients' preferences for care at the end of life. The authors examined data from the University of Chicago Hospitalist Study, which gathers sociodemographic and clinical information from all consenting general internal medicine patients at the University of Chicago Medical Center. Primary outcomes were whether the patient had an advance directive, a do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order, a durable power of attorney for health care, and an informally designated decision maker. Primary predictors were religious attendance, intrinsic religiosity, and self-rated spirituality.
This article defines spirituality and religion, identifies the fundamental spiritual issues that serious illness raises for patients, and argues that physicians have a moral obligation to address patients' spiritual concerns. It also provides concrete advice about taking a spiritual history, ethical boundaries, whether to pray with patients, and when to refer patients to chaplains or to their own personal clergy.
Below are databases that include articles related to religion and spirituality in medicine.
Embase is a biomedical research and literature database with over 32 million records for biomedical and pharmacological articles and conference proceedings from 1947 to the present. It covers over 8,500 journals from over 95 countries, including over 2,900 indexed journals unique to Embase.
Interdisciplinary, full-text scholarly articles, books, and primary sources. Coverage back to the first issue of journals; embargo on some current content. Library subscribes to the following archival databases: All Arts & Sciences (I-IV); Ecology and Botany I; Health & General Sciences; and Life Sciences.
Full text covering topics like world religions, major denominations, biblical studies, religious history, epistemology, political philosophy, philosophy of language, moral philosophy, and the history of philosophy. (Access provided by INSPIRE: Indiana’s Virtual Library)
An international, scientific research-based journal published quarterly (Mar/Jun/Sep/Dec) by Qom University of Medical Sciences (Qom, Iran) which deals with Islamic medicine, medical ethics, traditional medicine, spiritual health.
Journal of Palliative Medicine is the premier peer-reviewed journal covering medical, psychosocial, policy, and legal issues in end-of-life care and relief of suffering for patients with intractable pain. The journal presents essential information for professionals in hospice/palliative medicine, focusing on improving quality of life for patients and their families, and the latest developments in drug and non-drug treatments.
Founded in 1961 by the Blanton-Peale Institute, which joins the perspectives of psychology and religion, this international interdisciplinary journal publishes original peer-reviewed articles that deal with mental and physical health in relation to religion and spirituality of all kinds.
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy: A European Journal is the official journal of the European Society for Philosophy of Medicine and Health Care. It provides a forum for international exchange of research data, theories, reports and opinions in bioethics and philosophy of medicine. The journal promotes interdisciplinary studies, and stimulates philosophical analysis centered on a common object of reflection: health care, the human effort to deal with disease, illness, death as well as health, well-being and life.
This peer reviewed journal explores the relationships between mental health and aspects of religion and culture, and discusses conceptual and philosophical aspects. Published papers include clinical and other case material, observational and interview material, survey, questionnaire, psychometric, and other quantified data.
Published by the Park Ridge Center for Health, Faith, & Ethics (Park Ridge, Illinois) between 1990 and 1997. Provides in-depth coverage of current issues such as abortion, AIDS, euthanasia, organ transplantation, genetic research and new reproductive technologies, by and for people working at the interchange of health, faith, and ethics.
This book discusses contemporary issues in medical ethics from a Buddhist perspective. Drawing on ancient and modern sources, Damien Keown shows how Buddhist ethical principles can be applied consistently to a range of bioethical problems, including abortion, embryo research, and euthanasia.
Over the centuries, Buddhist ideas have influenced medical thought and practice in complex and varied ways in diverse regions and cultures. A companion to Buddhism and Medicine: An Anthology of Premodern Sources, this work presents a collection of modern and contemporary texts and conversations from across the Buddhist world dealing with the multifaceted relationship between Buddhism and medicine.
Written by a physician and a chaplain, this book presents a simple, universal model of spirituality that is independent of religion, and shows how the clinician can apply the model to help in the management of chronic illness.
This volume reviews and integrates the growing body of contemporary psychological research on the links between religious faith and health outcomes. It presents findings from empirical studies of populations ranging from healthy individuals to those with specific clinical problems, including cancer, HIV/AIDS, and psychological disorders, and examines such critical questions as the impact of religious practices on health behaviors and health risks; the role played by faith in adaptation to illness or disability; and possible influences on physiological functioning and mortality.
Drawing heavily on stories of ill and dying children to illustrate and clarify his discussion of theological-philosophical issues, Hauerwas explores why we so fervently seek explanations for suffering and evil, and he shows how modern medicine has become a god to which we look for deliverance from the evils of disease and mortality.
A deep appreciation for the diversity of human spirituality informs this volume, which examines over two dozen religious traditions in the context of clinical practice. Knowledge of religious diversity, now considered part of multicultural competency in the mental health professions, is particularly crucial when the client's faith differs from one's own.
This book describes how religious beliefs and practices relate to mental health and influence mental health care. It presents research on the association between religion and personality, coping behavior, anxiety, depression, psychoses, and successes in psychotherapy and includes discussions on specific religions and their perspectives on mental health.
Explicitly dealing with the religious aspects of healing and healers, this unique and intriguing book examines illness, healing, and religion in cross-cultural perspective by looking at how sickness is understood and treated in a wide variety of cultures.
This book presents a critical analysis of the debate in Muslim countries at the religious, legal and political level, sparked by the introduction of new biomedical technologies such as cloning, genetics, organ transplants and in vitro fertilization. The book draws on law, sociology, anthropology, politics and the history of science.
This book investigates configurations of the entanglement between medicine, religion, and spirituality in Europe, Asia, North America, and Africa. How do political and legal conditions affect these healing systems? How do they relate to religious and scientific discourses? How do therapeutic practitioners position themselves between medicine and religion, and what is their appeal for patients?
This pathbreaking work by two leading medical researchers explores the neurophysiology of religious experience. Building on an explanation of the basic structure of the brain, the authors focus on parts most relevant to human experience, emotion, and cognition. On this basis, they plot how the brain is involved in mystical experiences. Successive chapters apply this scheme to mythmaking, ritual and liturgy, meditation, near-death experiences, and theology itself.
Spirituality in Healthcare is an authoritative reference on the subject providing unequalled coverage, critical depth and an integrated source of key topics. Divided into six sections including practice, research, policy and training, the book brings together international contributions from scholars in the field to provide a unique and stimulating resource.
Laying the groundwork for a new synthesis of scientific and theological dialogue, this book proposes that neurotheology, a term fraught with potential problems, is a highly useful and important voice in the greater study of religious and theological ideas and their intersection with science.
Spirituality, Health, and Wholeness: An Introductory Guide for Health Care Professionals explores the principles of spiritual care as applied to clinical practice. This book focuses specifically on the significance of spirituality in clinical settings with practical suggestions on how to apply these principles in the healing process.
This book provides an overview of the research on spirituality, religiousness and health, including the most important studies, conceptualization, instruments for measurement, types of studies, challenges, and criticisms. It covers essential information on the influence of spirituality and religiousness in mental and physical health, and provides guidance for its use in clinical practice.
Spirituality and Health: Multidisciplinary Explorations examines the relationship between health/well-being and spirituality. Chaplains and pastoral counselors offer evidence-based research on the importance of spirituality in holistic health care, and practitioners in the fields of occupational therapy, clinical psychology, nursing, and oncology share how spirituality enters into their healing practices.
This volume provides a comprehensive evaluation of the relationship between spirituality, religion, and medicine evaluating current empirical research and academic scholarship. Written by leading clinician researchers in their fields, contributors provide case examples and highlight best practices when engaging religion/spirituality within clinical practice. This is the first collection that assesses how the medical context interacts with patient spirituality recognizing crucial differences between contexts from obstetrics and family medicine, to nursing, to gerontology and the ICU.
In this, the third edition, Harold G. Koenig, M.D. addresses the whys, hows, whens, and whats of patient-centered integration of spirituality into patient care so that health professionals, including physicians in primary care and the medical and surgical specialties, can utilize this information in clinical practice. Whole chapters are also included offering profession-specific information for nurses, clergy, mental health professionals, social workers, and occupational and physical therapists.
Efforts to evaluate the clinical encounter in terms of autonomous agents governed by rationally justified moral principles continue to be criticized. These essays, written by physicians, ethicists, theologians and philosophers, examine various models of the clinical encounter emerging out of these criticisms and explore the prospects they offer for theological and religious discourse.
The newsletter is edited by Fran Quigley, who directs the Health and Human Rights Clinic at Indiana University McKinney School of Law and is an active member of multiple faith-based advocacy groups. Issues feature Christian, Jewish, and Muslim advocates telling their stories and affirming their shared commitment to healthcare for all.
The Spiritual Care Association (SCA) is the first multidisciplinary, international professional membership association for spiritual care providers that establishes evidence-based quality indicators, scope of practice, and a knowledge base for spiritual care. The nonprofit SCA is an affiliate of HealthCare Chaplaincy NetworkTM (HCCN), a health care nonprofit organization founded in 1961 that offers spiritual-related information and resources, and professional chaplaincy services in hospitals, other health care settings, and online.
This mission of the Charles Warren Fairbanks Center for Medical Ethics is to improve the care of patients by enhancing the ethical practice of health care professionals at IU Health and beyond through excellence in clinical ethics service, education, and research
Established in 1996 in honor and memory of Indianapolis business leader Daniel F. Evans, Sr., the mission of the Evans Center is to promote the integration of religious and spiritual values in healthcare with a focus upon the mission, values and practices of IU Health. One of the first centers of its kind to be developed and supported by a major hospital system, the Evans Center focuses on providing a forum for encouragement of interdisciplinary collaboration and support of spirituality in healthcare-related research that furthers the values of IU Health.
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