After you have obtained a working knowledge of your topic, focus on one aspect of it. Why? It is impoossible to cover everything about, say,the novels of Kōbō Abe in 5-10 pages. But, you could focus on one work--Suna no Onna--and one aspect, its existential themes. Alternately, you could compare it to its film adaptation or to the English translation. Narrowing your topic allows you to go into it in more depth and analysis. Remember, your job as a student is to contribute to the discussion on your topic: You want to offer up your own insight or interpretation of it and not merely summarize those of others.
Now, identify controversies or questions related to your narrowed topic.
Write down your preliminary question
Use these prompts to help you start thinking about your research question. Feel free to change the question to the future or past tense if that is more appropriate for your topic. Keep in mind that your research question will change as you research and write--it is all a part of the process!
How does . . .
What procedures or actions . . .
What problems . . .
What happens when . . .
What is the role of . . . in . . .
What is the difference between . . .
What causes . . .
What are the effects or results of . . .
How or why did . . . decide to . . .
Who or what influenced . . . to . . .
What is the relationship between . . . and . . .
What are the competing sides . . .
How does. . . change . . .
Select A Topic
Where to Find Ideas
Class discussions or readings
Articles in journals related to your discipline
Current events described in popular newspapers or magazines