Skip to Main Content

POLS Y103 Kemp

Why do we cite?

There are many reasons why it is so important to cite the sources you use in your research.

  • You demonstrate to your reader you've done proper research by listing sources you used to get your information.
  • You avoid plagiarism by quoting the words and ideas of other scholars.
  • You are being a responsible scholar by giving credit to other researchers and acknowledging their ideas.
  • You allow your reader to find the sources you used by citing them accurately in your paper by using in-text citations or footnotes in combination with a bibliography or works cited list.

Chicago Citation Style

Cover of Chicago Manual of StyleThe Chicago style is often used in the humanities and has two ways of citing:

(1) notes and bibliography and

(2) author-date.

Notes and Bibliography has sources cited through footnotes or endnotes in their writing and through bibliography pages. Author-date is similar to APA style, with in-text citations referencing the author and date. For example, (Jones, 1998).


Bibliography example of a citation from a journal article (notes & bibliography style):

MacDonald, Susan Peck. “The Erasure of Language.” College Composition and Communication 58, no. 4 (2007): 585-625.

Bibliography example of a citation from a journal article (author-date style):

Pape, Robert A. 2013. "The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism." American Political Science Review 97 (3):343-361.

University Writing Center

The IUPUI University Writing Center (UWC) is a free service available to all IUPUI students, faculty, and staff, at both the graduate and undergraduate level. It is a place where students can go for help with writing assignments and projects. The UWC offers students the opportunity to work one-on-one with experienced readers and writers.

The UWC offers two convenient locations: Cavanaugh Hall (CA 427) and University Library (UL 2125).

To schedule a tutoring session at either the Cavanaugh Hall location or University Library location, you may telephone the CA location at (317) 274-2049, telephone the UL location at (317) 278-8171, or visit either UWC location. You must provide both your name and your University ID number, at the time you schedule the session.